Figure 1
APS/Alan Stonebraker

Figure 1: Dipolar interactions in a quantum gas of bosons or fermions. (a) The interaction between two particles with large dipole moments has a characteristic d-wave symmetry. (b) In a Bose-Einstein condensate, this interaction causes the gas to implode with a similar d-wave symmetry, as shown here for a gas of erbium-168 [2]. (c) In comparison, a quantum gas of fermions is stable, as shown for dysprosium-161 [1].