Left image adapted from [23]; right and center images courtesy T. C. Killian, Rice University.

Figure 2: Temperature oscillation in an ultracold plasma as a function of time after photoionization. (Left) Image of electron distribution of a xenon plasma using projection imaging onto a charged particle detector. (Center) Image of a strontium plasma taken by measuring the absorption of resonant laser light. (Right) The kinetic energy of a strontium plasma (where the ions are in Gaussian cloud of size $σ$) shortly after formation for an inner region (radius $ρ<0.9σ$) and outer region (radius $ρ>1.49σ$) of the plasma. The oscillations visible are a sign of correlations and the strong coupling regime.