Rewiring in an adaptive network affects the rate at which individuals become infected. On the left, rewiring (bottom left) reduces the fraction of infectious individuals I in a finite population for a given infection rate p compared to the case where there is no rewiring (top left). Rewiring also introduces bistable behavior. On the right, rewiring (bottom right) will also lead to different probability distributions in the number of connections (the degree) associated with an infective (light grey), susceptible (black), or recovered (dashed). For example, with no rewiring (top right) all disease stages have approximately the same probability for a given degree, but with rewiring, infectives are most likely to have a lower degree than susceptibles or recovereds. Reprinted from Ref. .