Physics2, 10 (2009) – Published February 2, 2009
Many cosmologists believe that antiprotons in cosmic rays come from the annihilation of dark matter. Data from the PAMELA experiment on board a Russian satellite provide an important test of this possibility.
At the current time, we cannot tell if Einstein’s cosmological constant—or some other theory—is the correct description for dark energy in the Universe. A proposed measure based on existing data may help us to better distinguish these ideas.
The universe we see today is the result of mass-energy fluctuations during the rapid inflationary expansion that followed the big bang. A new approach to analyzing those fluctuations brings theory into better alignment with observational data.