Synopsis: A scaffold for soft matter

The interfaces between a mixture of two liquids act as support structures for making a colloidal gel.
Synopsis figure
Illustration: E. Sanz et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. (2009)

Several years ago, Michael Cates’ group at the University of Edinburgh, UK, predicted that the interfaces between liquids could act as loci for colloidal particles to aggregate and solidify during liquid-liquid phase separation [1]. Now, writing in Physical Review Letters, Cates and his group, including Eduardo Sanz, Kathryn White, and Paul Clegg, investigate what is necessary to keep the colloidal particles from redissolving, even after the liquids remix.

The scaffold for the colloidal particles (500nm spheres of silica) is a binary mixture of water and 2,6-lutidine. When the liquid is warm, it phase separates into lutidine-rich and lutidine-poor regions, and the particles, which have an equal affinity for both liquids, move toward the interfaces between these two regions. Over time, the particles jam together to form a glassy state that is locally layered, but stretches throughout the volume of the liquid.

In principle, this way of templating colloidal structures could be useful within volumes that only fluids could reach, but what happens if the liquid scaffold is removed? The Edinburgh group finds experimentally that if the colloidal gel is allowed to age for some time after it forms, it will last even after the liquid is cooled and remixes into a single phase. They predict with simulations that a combination of short-range attractive and long-range repulsive interactions between the particles can lock the gel’s structure. Their findings open the possibility of being able to shape and reshape a templated colloidal structure, which may have applications in tissue scaffolding or drug delivery, with thermal cycling alone. – Jessica Thomas

[1] K. Stratford et al., Science 309, 5744 (2005).


Announcements

More Announcements »

Subject Areas

Soft Matter

Previous Synopsis

Related Articles

Viewpoint: Particles Move to the Beat of a Microfluidic Drum
Fluid Dynamics

Viewpoint: Particles Move to the Beat of a Microfluidic Drum

A thin vibrating plate can organize microscopic particles within a liquid into different patterns, an effect like that observed in 18th century studies of musical instruments. Read More »

Viewpoint: Turning Down the Volume on Granular Materials
Statistical Physics

Viewpoint: Turning Down the Volume on Granular Materials

A reformulation of the statistical mechanics of granular materials replaces the volume of the material with a function related to its structure. Read More »

Focus: Particles Stratify by Size in Thin Films
Soft Matter

Focus: Particles Stratify by Size in Thin Films

Small particles suspended in a liquid separate out by size as the liquid evaporates, an effect that could lead to techniques for making layered structures. Read More »

More Articles