Synopsis: Island adventure

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Credit: Courtesy of D. Awschalom, University of California, Santa Barbara

Spin Control of Drifting Electrons Using Local Nuclear Polarization in Ferromagnet-Semiconductor Heterostructures

M. E. Nowakowski, G. D. Fuchs, S. Mack, N. Samarth, and D. D. Awschalom

Published September 22, 2010

Spintronics is a discipline that seeks to exploit the spin dimension for novel electronic applications. Typically, timed pulses of light at optical or microwave frequencies are used to control the direction of a spin or ensemble of spins; but maintaining the coherence of the spins as they are transported through a device has proven challenging.

Writing in Physical Review Letters, Mark Nowakowski and colleagues from the University of California, Santa Barbara, with collaborators at Pennsylvania State University, both in the US, demonstrate a method for controlling the direction of the spin of an ensemble of electrons as they travel through a semiconductor. The sample is a GaAs channel with an island of MnAs in the middle. Polarizing the nuclei under the MnAs island, either electrically or optically, creates a localized effective magnetic field. When an optically injected spin ensemble created at one end of the GaAs strip traverses the MnAs region, the electrons precess faster due to the effective magnetic field. The authors achieve an increase in rotation angle of the moving spins by 5π radians over a distance of 30 microns. By making a second sample with an electrical contact to the MnAs island, the authors also demonstrate the ability to control the nuclear field strength electrically, highlighting the versatility of their approach. – Daniel Ucko

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