Synopsis

Dirt and geometry insulate electrons

Physics 2, s31
Random disorder in topological insulators leads to an insulating phase reminiscent of one known for years in two-dimensional systems.

Random disorder can render a two-dimensional system of noninteracting electrons into an insulating state known as the Anderson insulator [1]. Another well-known manifestation of two-dimensional physics—the integer quantum Hall effect—is the formation of dissipationless current-carrying edge states in the presence of a magnetic field.

Writing in Physical Review Letters, Jian Li, Rui-Lin Chu, and Shung-Qing Shen of The University of Hong Kong and Jainendra Jain of Pennsylvania State University in the US address how disorder affects edge states in topological insulators, a class of band insulators that exhibit strange conduction properties similar to what is seen in quantum Hall states, but in the absence of an external magnetic field. (See also the Viewpoint on topological insulators [2].)

It is known that the physics of topological insulators is immune to weak disorder. However, the authors also predict a surprising phase in HgTe/CdTe quantum well topological insulators. They call this phase the topological Anderson insulator, where disorder introduces two key differences from previously studied topological insulators: The Fermi energy lies in a so-called mobility gap, as opposed to a “real” gap, and the edge states do not appear to depend on the specific band structure of the quantum wells. That said, these HgTe/CdTe quantum wells possess an “inverted” band structure and offer the possibility to considerably tweak their transport and structure properties, which in turn promises further insights into how disorder and doping modify the phase diagram of topological insulators. – Sami Mitra

[1] E. Abrahams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 673 (1979).

[2] S. C. Zhang, Physics 1, 6 (2008).


Subject Areas

Semiconductor PhysicsMesoscopics

Related Articles

A Noninvasive Quantum Thermometer
Electronics

A Noninvasive Quantum Thermometer

A quantum dot can measure ultracold temperatures without the need for direct electrical connections to the outside world. Read More »

Harnessing Bound Charge in Semiconductors
Nanophysics

Harnessing Bound Charge in Semiconductors

By controlling the bound charge in a nanowire transistor, researchers hope to improve the performance of these semiconductor devices.  Read More »

Vetting Neutral Nitrogen Vacancies
Semiconductor Physics

Vetting Neutral Nitrogen Vacancies

New experiments characterize the excitation levels of electrically neutral nitrogen-vacancy centers, information needed for quantum information applications. Read More »

More Articles