Synopsis: Optical measurements in the dark

Lasers can make an opaque material transparent, but to determine how long this state survives, you have to shut off the lights.
Synopsis figure
Illustration: Alan Stonebraker

Electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) is a two-photon process in which a laser turns an otherwise opaque material transparent to a probe field. The resonance frequency for EIT can be extremely narrow and the process can therefore be useful in making precision measurements of rotation (say, in a gyroscope) and for slowing down or storing light.

EIT experiments must know the distribution of atoms in the relevant energy levels and the rate at which their coherence decays. The linewidth of the two-photon transition can, in principle, reveal the coherence decay rate, but the true EIT linewidth is often masked by broadening mechanisms that are inherent to the laser. In a paper appearing in Physical Review A, Moshe Shuker and colleagues from the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology and the Weizmann Institute of Science demonstrate a method to probe both the population and the intrinsic coherence decay rate. First, strong laser pulses prepare the medium in a desired coherent superposition state. Then weak fields periodically probe the evolution of the various populations while the atoms are in the dark. The application of a small magnetic field causes oscillations in the probe signal whose decay time corresponds to the time it takes the atoms’ to lose coherence.

This work can be implemented in systems that use EIT, such as slow light or light storage, to experimentally measure the coherence rate and determine the efficiency of the process under study. – Frank Narducci


Features

More Features »

Announcements

More Announcements »

Subject Areas

Atomic and Molecular PhysicsOptics

Previous Synopsis

Next Synopsis

Related Articles

Synopsis: Atoms Feel New Force
Atomic and Molecular Physics

Synopsis: Atoms Feel New Force

Laser light can stretch and squeeze a whole cloud of atoms with a collective force. Read More »

Synopsis: Direct View of Exchange Symmetry
Quantum Physics

Synopsis: Direct View of Exchange Symmetry

A proposed set of experiments could offer a direct measurement of the fundamental quantum property that distinguishes fermions from bosons. Read More »

Focus: Modeling Imperfections Boosts Microscope Precision
Optics

Focus: Modeling Imperfections Boosts Microscope Precision

A theoretical model of light spreading and scattering improves precision of position and size measurements made with an optical microscope by as much as 100 times. Read More »

More Articles