Synopsis: In the strangest of places

Behavior particular to quantum critical metals is, surprisingly, found in a class of insulators.
Synopsis figure
Illustration: T. Heitmann et al., Phys. Rev. B (2010)

Metals containing magnetic ions can be driven to the quantum critical regime at zero temperature by tuning the strength of the interaction between the magnetic moments on the ions and the conduction electrons. Typically, this interaction can be tuned by deforming the metal via chemical substitution.

The hallmark of quantum criticality in this type of system is the appearance of scaling laws, such as the so-called E/T scaling: the dynamical response of the system to a perturbation of energy E at temperature T depends only on the ratio E/T—in other words, temperature is the only relevant energy scale.

In an article published in Physical Review B, Thomas Heitmann and collaborators from the Technical University of Delft in the Netherlands, the University of Missouri, and the Missouri University of Science and Technology in the US, show that the magnetic scattering intensity measured by neutrons in a family of spinel insulators, otherwise unrelated to quantum-critical metals, exhibits E/T scaling at moderate temperatures. The researchers show that in this class of materials, the origin of the scaling is due to the formation of a network of magnetic clusters. They speculate that similar physics could also be at play in the prototypical quantum-critical metals: the substantial chemical doping could lead to the formation of a network of magnetic clusters, which would then result in E/T scaling, similarly to the spinel case. –Alex Klironomos


Features

More Features »

Announcements

More Announcements »

Subject Areas

Materials ScienceStrongly Correlated Materials

Previous Synopsis

Soft Matter

Sticky situations

Read More »

Next Synopsis

Biological Physics

Loop, de-loop

Read More »

Related Articles

Synopsis: A Crystal Ball for 2D Materials
Materials Science

Synopsis: A Crystal Ball for 2D Materials

Researchers predict new two-dimensional materials whose structures differ from their three-dimensional counterparts. Read More »

Viewpoint: Electron Pulses Made Faster Than Atomic Motions
Atomic and Molecular Physics

Viewpoint: Electron Pulses Made Faster Than Atomic Motions

Electron pulses have shattered the 10-femtosecond barrier at which essentially all atomic motion is frozen in materials. Read More »

Viewpoint: Sensing Magnetic Fields with a Giant Quantum Wave
Strongly Correlated Materials

Viewpoint: Sensing Magnetic Fields with a Giant Quantum Wave

A refined version of a Bose-Einstein-condensate microscope detects static magnetic fields near the surface of a chip with unprecedented sensitivity and over a wide temperature range. Read More »

More Articles