Synopsis: Quantum States Made with a Pluck

A proposed method of generating phonon states for quantum applications uses a single electron trapped in a suspended carbon nanotube.
Synopsis figure
H. Wang and G. Burkard, Phys. Rev. B (2016)

Vibrational quanta might one day be used to make ultraprecise force and mass sensors, or to connect distant quantum bits (qubits) in a solid. A theoretical proposal now shows a way to produce such quanta electrically. The idea, from Heng Wang and Guido Burkard, at the University of Konstanz, Germany, entails coupling an electron’s spin to the quantized motion of a suspended carbon nanotube (CNT), which can vibrate like a plucked guitar string.

The theorists considered a CNT stretched over a semiconductor “trench,” with its voltage set to trap exactly one excess electron on the CNT. They introduced a magnetic field from a micromagnet to separate the energy of the “up” and “down” states of the electron’s spin, thus forming a qubit. In this configuration, the qubit can transfer its energy to a vibrational (phonon) state of the CNT because of the so-called spin-orbit effect.

Starting with a composite state in which the spin is “down” and no vibrational quanta are excited, the authors showed that performing three operations can create any phonon state with a specific number of quanta, known as a Fock state, as well as superpositions of these states. The operations are a spin flip, an energy swap (between the qubit and the CNT’s motion), and a phase shift of the qubit, all of which can be accomplished with a combination of an ac electric field and the micromagnet’s magnetic field. In simulations of this scheme, the authors also determined how the “quality factor” of the CNT motion affects the precision with which Fock states can be generated.

This research is published in Physical Review B.

–Jessica Thomas

Jessica Thomas is the Editor of Physics.


Features

More Features »

Announcements

More Announcements »

Subject Areas

Quantum Information

Previous Synopsis

Next Synopsis

Quantum Information

Ten Photons in a Tangle

Read More »

Related Articles

Synopsis: A Lens to Focus Spins
Quantum Information

Synopsis: A Lens to Focus Spins

A quantum bit stored in the spin excitation of an atomic cloud could be “focused” onto the quantum state of a single atom. Read More »

Synopsis: Quantum Annealers Limited by Temperature
Quantum Information

Synopsis: Quantum Annealers Limited by Temperature

Calculations show that quantum annealing—the quantum computing method used in a commercially available device—is hampered by thermal effects. Read More »

Synopsis: Radioactive Qubits
Atomic and Molecular Physics

Synopsis: Radioactive Qubits

The trapping and cooling of the radioactive isotope barium-133 offers up an attractive system for encoding quantum information. Read More »

More Articles