Synopsis: Kondo effect lights up

Optical spectroscopy in quantum dots finds new ways to explore an old many-body problem.
Synopsis figure
Credit: H. Türeci et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. (2011)

As one of the few tractable problems in many-body physics, the Kondo problem—the interaction between an impurity spin and a surrounding sea of conduction electrons—has been a staple of condensed matter theory and experiment. First observed in the 1930s as an anomalous increase in the low-temperature resistance of metals embedded with magnetic atoms and understood only three decades later (many theorists contributed, some more than Kondo), the Kondo effect attracted renewed interest with its realization in quantum dots.

Optical spectroscopy may again breathe fresh air into this problem. In a paper appearing in Physical Review Letters, Hakan Türeci at Princeton University and colleagues in the US and Europe present calculations, connected to experiments to be published elsewhere, that ask: How does the many-body Kondo state evolve when the interaction is turned on (or off) rapidly with light?

The authors assume a semiconductor quantum dot coupled, by tunneling contacts, to a Fermionic reservoir. Initially, the electrons on the quantum dot have a net spin of zero, but laser light tuned to the right frequency can excite an electron into the conduction band of the quantum dot that interacts with the electrons in the reservoir.

The ability to rapidly turn the Kondo effect on with light offers a unique way to explore the so-called Anderson orthogonality catastrophe—a prediction about how violently the quantum many-body state of the electronic reservoir changes in response to a sudden change in the scattering potential (in this case, the spin). Signatures of this “catastrophe” are visible in the tails of the optical absorption line shape and, according to Türeci et al.’s calculations, should be tunable with a magnetic field. – Jessica Thomas


Features

More Features »

Announcements

More Announcements »

Subject Areas

OpticsMesoscopics

Previous Synopsis

Interdisciplinary Physics

Cathedral’s invisible earthquake damage

Read More »

Next Synopsis

Materials Science

Metals are supercool

Read More »

Related Articles

Viewpoint: Inducing Transparency with a Magnetic Field
Optics

Viewpoint: Inducing Transparency with a Magnetic Field

A magnetic field applied to an atomic sample in an optical cavity generates optical transparency that could be used to enhance the frequency stability of lasers. Read More »

Focus: <i>Image</i>—Honeycomb Diffraction
Photonics

Focus: Image—Honeycomb Diffraction

Predictions of diffraction patterns for honeycomb photonic crystals were part of a comprehensive study of these structures that may be useful in nanoscale photonic devices. Read More »

Synopsis: Laser Stars Under the Lens
Astrophysics

Synopsis: Laser Stars Under the Lens

Raman scattering could contaminate astronomical observations that use artificial, laser-generated “stars” to correct for the effect of atmospheric turbulence. Read More »

More Articles