Synopsis: Polarized Light in Safe Storage

New techniques for storing and retrieving polarized photons improve the quantum memory capabilities of rare-earth-doped crystals.
Synopsis figure
Courtesy F. Bussières/University of Geneva

Quantum memory, which creates a place for storing quantum information until it is needed later, is an essential component in quantum computing and long-distance quantum communication. Some solid-state materials can hold quantum states of light for long times, but many materials only optimally absorb light with a certain polarization. Quantum memories that could store any polarization of light would therefore offer much more flexibility.

In a step toward this goal, three independent research groups, from China, Spain, and Switzerland, are now reporting in Physical Review Letters that they are able to store and retrieve arbitrary polarization states of light from a solid-state quantum memory. In their experiments, the teams utilized a light source limited to emit single photons, which were absorbed by rare-earth ions rigidly confined in a crystal. Each group devised a compensation technique allowing the efficient storage, for several tens to hundreds of nanoseconds, of both components of a photon’s polarization. They were able to effectively reverse the procedure to retrieve the original state.

While the groups’ compensation methods differ, they all achieve fidelities (a measure of how faithfully a state can be recovered) greater than 0.95, exceeding the maximum value achievable by a classical memory. This demonstrates that such solid-state devices could operate as quantum memories for polarization qubits. – Sonja Grondalski


Features

More Features »

Announcements

More Announcements »

Subject Areas

Quantum InformationPhotonics

Previous Synopsis

Next Synopsis

Materials Science

U-shaped Grains Get Clingy

Read More »

Related Articles

Synopsis: A Classical Machine Learning Algorithm Goes Quantum
Quantum Information

Synopsis: A Classical Machine Learning Algorithm Goes Quantum

Researchers have mathematically proven that a powerful classical machine learning algorithm should work on quantum computers. Read More »

Viewpoint: A Double Take on Unconventional Photon Blockade
Photonics

Viewpoint: A Double Take on Unconventional Photon Blockade

Two separate groups have demonstrated a photon blockade effect that could be used to make practical single-photon emitters. Read More »

Synopsis: Quantum Dots Serve Entangled Photons on Demand
Quantum Physics

Synopsis: Quantum Dots Serve Entangled Photons on Demand

Quantum dots that emit entangled photon pairs on demand could be used in quantum communication networks. Read More »

More Articles