Synopsis: Glassy Fingerprints

The local structure of glasses and other disordered materials could be extracted from diffraction patterns, according to a proposal for a new technique.
Synopsis figure
A. C. Y. Liu et al., Phys. Rev. Lett (2016)

Humans have been making glass for over 5500 years. Despite this, scientists still don’t understand how glassy materials form. Part of the problem is that the conventional method for determining particle arrangements—diffraction—provides only the average particle positions over large areas of the material, missing the local variations that may be relevant to glass formation. Now Amelia Liu and colleagues from Monash University, Australia, and the Australian Synchrotron have proposed a new diffraction tool that could be used to obtain detailed structural information at a more local level, in clusters containing on the order of 10 particles.

Computer simulations have been used to predict the arrangements of individual clusters in a glass, for example, by reverse engineering the structure that produces a specific diffraction pattern. But this process is time consuming and computationally expensive. More problematically, simulations can spit out multiple structures that map to the same diffraction pattern.

The approach proposed by Liu and colleagues would use a narrow radius “pencil” beam of electrons or x rays that is small enough to interact with a single particle cluster. The team simulated diffraction patterns of 160,000 randomly rotated individual clusters and then determined the rotationally averaged Fourier coefficients for each pattern. They found that the coefficients depend strongly on the cluster’s symmetry. For example, every cluster that has roughly hexagonal-close-packed order has the same coefficient values. The authors suggest that these Fourier fingerprints could provide a way to directly determine the preferred local structural symmetry within glasses as they form.

This research is published in Physical Review Letters.

–Katherine Wright

Katherine Wright is a Contributing Editor for Physics.


Features

More Features »

Announcements

More Announcements »

Subject Areas

Condensed Matter PhysicsMaterials Science

Previous Synopsis

Atomic and Molecular Physics

No Vacancy for Tunneling

Read More »

Related Articles

Viewpoint: Theory for 1D Quantum Materials Tested with Cold Atoms and Superconductors
Condensed Matter Physics

Viewpoint: Theory for 1D Quantum Materials Tested with Cold Atoms and Superconductors

The Tomonaga-Luttinger theory describing one-dimensional materials has been tested with cold atoms and arrays of Josephson junctions. Read More »

Synopsis: Topological Defect on the Move
Condensed Matter Physics

Synopsis: Topological Defect on the Move

Researchers have directed the motion of a domain-wall-like topological defect through a crystal of trapped ions. Read More »

Synopsis: Tackling Electronic Correlations
Condensed Matter Physics

Synopsis: Tackling Electronic Correlations

A new “first principles” simulation method could broaden the range of strongly correlated materials whose properties can be theoretically predicted. Read More »

More Articles