Synopsis: The Helical Factor

An array of helical elements absorbs radiation of a certain frequency while casting no shadow in light over a range of other frequencies.
Synopsis figure
Viktar Asadchy/Aalto University

Metamaterials are arguably best known as a potential basis for making cloaking devices. But the ability of these artificially engineered structures to respond to electromagnetic waves in many unusual ways makes them much more versatile than this one use would imply. Viktar Asadchy and colleagues from Aalto University in Finland and Gomel State University in Belarus have now designed and fabricated a thin metamaterial that absorbs electromagnetic waves over a narrow frequency band while producing no reflections at other frequencies. The device could find several applications, including perfect filters for electromagnetic waves and stealth technology.

Conventional absorbers provide efficient absorption of light in a given frequency range but also create an often-unwanted effect: they reflect—and so do not transmit perfectly—frequencies that fall outside the absorption frequency band. This partially blocked transmission generates shadows that render the absorbers detectable. Asadchy and colleagues’ metamaterial, however, absorbs waves of about 3 gigahertz and is both reflectionless and shadow-free in a very broad frequency range, from static fields to about 10 gigahertz.

The researchers achieved this feat by creating an array of alternating right- and left-handed chromium–nickel helices, which they embedded in a plastic-foam slab. These structural elements have special electromagnetic features—they are equally strongly polarized electrically and magnetically—that confer the desired transmission, reflection, and absorption properties to the system. Interestingly, the device works for waves striking it on either or both of its faces. And although it operates in the microwave frequency band, the authors’ design concept is generic enough to be applied to other regions of the electromagnetic spectrum.

This research is published in Physical Review X.

–Ana Lopes


More Features »


More Announcements »

Subject Areas

OpticsMetamaterialsMaterials Science

Previous Synopsis

Soft Matter

Exploding Cavities

Read More »

Next Synopsis

Industrial Physics

Terahertz-Driven Chemistry

Read More »

Related Articles

Synopsis: How Diamond-Like Carbon Films Grow
Materials Science

Synopsis: How Diamond-Like Carbon Films Grow

Machine-learning-based molecular dynamics simulations explain the growth mechanism of diamond-like amorphous carbon films. Read More »

Synopsis: Hidden Structure of Plasmons

Synopsis: Hidden Structure of Plasmons

Calculations of the current density within collective charge oscillations called plasmons reveal a complicated structure that could affect how plasmons reflect off a boundary. Read More »

Synopsis: Getting More out of Electron Microscopy
Materials Science

Synopsis: Getting More out of Electron Microscopy

A new analysis technique allows researchers to extract atomic-resolution holographic images of materials using a transmission electron microscope. Read More »

More Articles