# Synopsis: Reflectivity of Ultrathin Mirror Switches with Voltage

Researchers designed an atomically thin mirror with electronically switchable reflectivity that could be useful in optoelectronic circuits.

Optoelectronic circuits, which use electricity to generate and send light signals, need lightweight mirrors whose reflectivity can be electronically controlled. Two independent research groups have now found a promising material for constructing such mirrors. The two teams measured the reflectivity of an atomically thin layer of molybdenum diselenide (${\text{MoSe}}_{2}$) using laser light and found that they could tune the material’s reflectivity with an applied voltage.

${\text{MoSe}}_{2}$ has a naturally high reflectivity for a certain frequency of light. Light at this “resonant” frequency causes electrons to tightly bind to holes (“missing” electrons), forming quasiparticles called excitons. These excitons re-radiate light both forward and backward, and the backward light constructively interferes with the incident light, leading to high reflectivity.

To measure reflectivity, the researchers sandwiched the ${\text{MoSe}}_{2}$ between two layers of hexagonal boron nitride, which helped the sample reflect light more effectively. Then they mounted this stack onto another material. Hongkun Park of Harvard University and colleagues chose silicon and achieved up to 85% reflectivity. By contrast, Atac Imamoğlu’s group at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich chose fused silica and reached a reflectivity of 41%.

Because reflectivity depends on the number of excitons in a material, both groups found that they could change the reflectivity by tuning the material’s electron density. They achieved this by applying a voltage across the ${\text{MoSe}}_{2}$ and the substrate, which makes the electron density rise or fall depending on the voltage’s polarity. Both teams showed that toggling this applied voltage on and off changed the reflectivity of the device by more than a factor of 2, meaning it could potentially be used as an optical switch.

This research is published in Physical Review Letters.

–Sophia Chen

Sophia Chen is a freelance writer based in Tucson, Arizona.

More Features »

### Announcements

More Announcements »

Fluid Dynamics

## Next Synopsis

Topological Insulators

## Related Articles

Spintronics

### Synopsis: Widening the Spin Energy Gap

Using a new all-electric technique, researchers triple the energy gap between the two spin states of holes in a 2D quantum well. Read More »

Atomic and Molecular Physics

### Synopsis: A Sextet of Entangled Laser Modes

Researchers have entangled six modes of a laser cavity—a record number for such a device. Read More »

Semiconductor Physics

### Viewpoint: Crystals with Defects May Be Good for Spintronics

Dislocation defects are often a nuisance in semiconductors, but theoretical work shows they might offer an improved route to producing spin currents. Read More »