The next generation of ultrahigh energy lasers will be able to produce extremely dense electron-positron plasmas and intense bursts of gamma rays, according to simulations, and both will lead to new types of experiments.
Quantum graphs are convenient mathematical tools for describing complex molecules and networks of quantum wires. Scientists are addressing the question: When and how fast can a wave function spread out over the entire graph?
When two bulk objects are separated by a sufficiently small distance, quantum fluctuations in the electromagnetic field give rise to Casimir forces between them. Two papers explore how these forces are affected by the electrical properties of the materials.
Bell showed that quantum entanglement cannot be modeled with local hidden variables alone. Now, physicists argue that only models based exclusively on nonlocal hidden variables can reproduce all possible quantum correlations.
The Dirac and Klein-Gordon equations provide a full relativistic description for particles with spin ½ and 0, respectively. A calculation now shows how to extend this description to particles, such as nuclei, with spin greater than ½.