Synopsis: Wind blowing over an ultracold sea

The interface between two Bose-Einstein condensates may provide new physical insights into fluid dynamics.
Synopsis figure
Credit: N. Suzuki et al., Phys. Rev. A (2010)

Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities can occur at the interface between two fluids in relative motion. This happens, for example, when wind blows over the surface of the sea, forming waves, as well as in many similar situations involving immiscible classical fluids. It also occurs in more exotic cases, for instance, at the interface between two superfluids, such as the A and B phases of superfluid helium-3. On the other hand, if the two fluids are partially miscible and their interface is thick, a different dynamical instability, known as counter-superflow instability, may also arise.

In a paper published in Physical Review A, Naoya Suzuki at the University of Electro-Communications in Tokyo and collaborators, also in Japan, show that gaseous two-component Bose-Einstein condensates may represent an ideal testing ground for textbook concepts of fluid dynamics, because the miscibility and the interface thickness can be tuned by a clever use of Feshbach resonances and external potentials. Their numerical simulations, based on the solution of a nonlinear Schrödinger equation, illustrate how a Kelvin-Helmholtz instability converts into a counter-superflow instability when the interface thickness is continuously increased. The authors propose experiments to test their ideas, which should be within the reach of current technology. – Franco Dalfovo


Announcements

More Announcements »

Subject Areas

Atomic and Molecular PhysicsFluid Dynamics

Previous Synopsis

Fluid Dynamics

Learning the ropes

Read More »

Next Synopsis

Related Articles

Synopsis: Droplet Hats
Fluid Dynamics

Synopsis: Droplet Hats

Experiments show that drops can form exotic shapes as they spread out on a surface if they are miscible with the surrounding fluid. Read More »

Synopsis: A Crystal of Light and Atoms
Atomic and Molecular Physics

Synopsis: A Crystal of Light and Atoms

A predicted type of atom-light crystal could host phonon-like excitations, allowing for new ways to simulate the physics of solids.   Read More »

Viewpoint: An Arrested Implosion
Condensed Matter Physics

Viewpoint: An Arrested Implosion

The collapse of a trapped ultracold magnetic gas is arrested by quantum fluctuations, creating quantum droplets of superfluid atoms. Read More »

More Articles