Synopsis: A new phase for molecular superfluidity

Theoretical analysis shows how exotic superfluidity might be observed in ultracold molecules.
Synopsis figure
Credit: J. Levinsen et al., Phys. Rev. A (2011)

Mastering control of ultracold atoms and molecules has allowed researchers the hope of studying a variety of exotic quantum phases. One example is the search for different kinds of superfluid behavior in ultracold diatomic molecular gases. However, simple cooling, as with liquid helium or superconducting materials, won’t do. For example, alkali molecules such as KRb tend to undergo chemical rearrangements into K2 and Rb2 at the desired experimental densities. A way around this is to establish interactions between atoms restricted to two dimensions, which simultaneously block chemical reactions and allow a topological form of superfluid pairing at high density. In a thorough theoretical analysis published in Physical Review A, Jesper Levinsen at the University of Cambridge, UK, and colleagues show how this might be accomplished.

Levinsen et al. consider a pairing interaction with the ungainly name “px+ipy” that is known from studies of the fractional quantum Hall effect, among others. By applying a microwave field, the interaction potential between two molecules can be tailored to be attractive at long range and repulsive at short range (which avoids the chemical difficulties). This sets up conditions to establish the px+ipy superfluid phase, which refers to how the energy gap of the condensate varies on the Fermi surface (e.g., s wave is isotropic). This phase is expected to support Majorana modes which, if experimentally tractable, could form the basis of new kinds of quantum information processing in which qubits are topologically insulated from environmental disturbances. – David Voss


Features

More Features »

Announcements

More Announcements »

Subject Areas

Atomic and Molecular Physics

Previous Synopsis

Quantum Physics

In two places at once

Read More »

Related Articles

Focus: Atomic Impersonator
Optics

Focus: Atomic Impersonator

Calculations show that a carefully engineered laser pulse can induce an atom to emit light as if it were a different atom. Read More »

Viewpoint: Transportable Clocks Move with the Times
Optics

Viewpoint: Transportable Clocks Move with the Times

Transportable atomic clocks are now operating with fractional-frequency uncertainties below one part in 1016, opening up new applications. Read More »

Viewpoint: Trapped Ions Stopped Cold
Optics

Viewpoint: Trapped Ions Stopped Cold

A novel method for cooling trapped ions could boost the accuracy of atomic clocks. Read More »

More Articles