Synopsis: Cooling with magnets

Scientists identify the microscopic origin of a record magnetocaloric effect in Mn1+yFe1-y(P1-xGex).
Synopsis figure

A magnetically ordered crystal can act as a refrigerant by absorbing the heat necessary to disorder its spins. Magnetic cooling via this magnetocaloric effect can reach sub-Kelvin temperatures.

In an article appearing in Physical Review B, Danmin Liu of the Beijing University of Technology, Robert Cava of Princeton University, Jeffrey Lynn of NIST, and collaborators in China, Canada, and the United States study various compositions of the promising refrigerant Mn1+yFe1-y(P1-xGex) with neutron diffraction and magnetization measurements. They find that temperature or a magnetic field can drive a first-order phase transition between a paramagnetic and ferromagnetic phase. The magnetic entropy change between these phases—a measure of the efficiency of the magnetocaloric effect—is determined by the degree of completeness of the conversion from one phase to the other. The composition Mn1.1Fe0.9(P0.8Ge0.2) exhibits a magnetic entropy change of about 74J/kg K, which is among the highest achieved.

Although a record magnetocaloric efficiency was engineered by appropriately tuning the concentration of Ge, there are still inhomogeneities in the distribution of Ge, and the conversion from one phase to another is not complete. These findings suggest that by perfecting the recipe, an even larger magnetocaloric effect should be possible in this material. – Alexios Klironomos


Announcements

More Announcements »

Subject Areas

Magnetism

Previous Synopsis

Particles and Fields

Deciphering a bump in the spectrum

Read More »

Next Synopsis

Particles and Fields

Building a tower out of the vacuum

Read More »

Related Articles

Synopsis: Even-Handed Control of Quantum Dot Qubits
Quantum Information

Synopsis: Even-Handed Control of Quantum Dot Qubits

A new way to control the coupling of spins between adjacent quantum dots produces qubits that are less susceptible to electronic noise. Read More »

Synopsis: With Heat Comes Current
Spintronics

Synopsis: With Heat Comes Current

Researchers have observed spin-dependent thermoelectric currents in superconductors—a finding that could lead to precise cryogenic thermometers. Read More »

Synopsis: Magnetizing the Third Dimension
Magnetism

Synopsis: Magnetizing the Third Dimension

A magnetic structure that stores bits of information on multiple layers could lead to three-dimensional magnetic recording schemes. Read More »

More Articles