Synopsis: Reducing Vibrations in Mechanical Beams

A vibrating beam could be cooled to its mechanical ground state by coupling its bending and stretching modes via an electronic defect placed in the beam.
Synopsis figure
K. V. Kepesidis et al., Phys. Rev. B (2016)

A standard technique for cooling atoms is hitting them with photons. The atoms’ kinetic energy—their temperature—changes with each absorbed or emitted photon, and this process can be tuned such that the atoms get colder. Now Kosmas Kepesidis, from Technische Universität Wien (Vienna) in Austria, and colleagues have proposed an analogous method for “cooling” a tiny bending beam, which uses phonons—vibrational quanta—instead of photons. If realized, this new method could significantly broaden the number of nanomechanical systems that could be cooled.

In their proposed method, the researchers consider a diamond nanobeam bending above a magnetic tip (the beam is clamped at one end and free to move at the other). Near the oscillating end they insert a lattice defect, specifically a silicon-vacancy center. As the beam bends, the defect experiences a varying magnetic field, which can flip its spin by absorbing mechanical energy from the beam’s low-frequency bending modes. If the defect is then stimulated with microwaves into an excited state, this energy is dissipated via emission of a high-frequency lattice phonon. According to the team’s predictions, the mechanical temperature of the beam—how much it bends—can then be tuned by optimizing these absorption and emission processes in the same way that the temperature of atoms can be controlled with light. The researchers propose that this method could also be used to squeeze and entangle different bending modes of the beam.

This research is published in Physical Review B.

–Katherine Wright

Katherine Wright is a Contributing Editor for Physics.


More Features »


More Announcements »

Subject Areas

Condensed Matter Physics

Previous Synopsis

Next Synopsis

Related Articles

Synopsis: The Trouble with Smooth Edges
Topological Insulators

Synopsis: The Trouble with Smooth Edges

A topological insulator with beveled, as opposed to sharp, edges might lose the attributes that make it attractive for applications. Read More »

Viewpoint: How to Create a Time Crystal
Atomic and Molecular Physics

Viewpoint: How to Create a Time Crystal

A detailed theoretical recipe for making time crystals has been unveiled and swiftly implemented by two groups using vastly different experimental systems. Read More »

Focus: Celebrated Optical Trick Goes Vibrational

Focus: Celebrated Optical Trick Goes Vibrational

A micromechanical device generates a series of precise, equally spaced vibration frequencies, analogous to the light of the “optical frequency comb,” which has dramatically improved precision measurements. Read More »

More Articles