Synopsis: The DNA also collapses

Synopsis Image
Credit: Adapted from C. Zhou et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. (2011)

Collapse of DNA in ac Electric Fields

Chunda Zhou, Walter W. Reisner, Rory J. Staunton, Amir Ashan, Robert H. Austin, and Robert Riehn

Published June 16, 2011

Electric fields applied to DNA in solution can be used to manipulate this important biological molecule. In Physical Review Letters, researchers report that strong alternating fields cause the DNA polymer to collapse, in contrast to previous observations where alternating fields stretched it out.

Chunda Zhou of North Carolina State University and colleagues measured the configuration of double-stranded DNA in two different types of fabricated structures. Their “microchannel” device, 600 nanometers deep and 10,000 nanometers wide, gave the molecule enough room to adopt its free conformation. “Nanochannel” devices, long, narrow tubes with lateral dimensions of order 100 nanometers, forced the molecule to align along the channel. For both structures, Zhou et al. found that alternating electric fields of several hundred volts per centimeter along the length of the channel collapsed the molecule to a small fraction of its initial size, which they monitored with microscope images of its fluorescence.

The group applied fields oscillating at hundreds of hertz. In contrast, many previous experiments showed the opposite effect, stretching of DNA, at either higher frequencies (typically hundreds of kilohertz) or lower frequencies (typically a few hertz or less). Zhou et al. suggest that intermediate frequency fields allow large segments of the molecule, but not its entire length, to become polarized. This polarization causes charge to pile up at bends or clumps, which then attract one another, leading to collapse. – Don Monroe

Article Options

Subject Areas

New in Physics