Synopsis: Molecular Memory for Light

Hydrogen molecules act as a fast and efficient memory storage for light pulses.
Synopsis figure
P. J. Bustard et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. (2013)

Quantum processors, like their classical counterparts, will need fast and reliable memories to store and retrieve information as superpositions of states. Researchers are pursuing several photonic technologies, among others, to achieve this by storing quantum information in specially prepared solids, ions, and atomic vapors. Philip Bustard and colleagues at the National Research Council (NRC) of Canada, Ontario, have now investigated another kind of storage medium: the vibrational modes of molecules. Their experiments, published in Physical Review Letters, demonstrate that the system can act as a fast and efficient molecular quantum memory.

Bustard et al. sent 100-femtosecond laser pulses into a cell filled with H2 to map photons onto an ensemble vibrational coherence and read out the photons after a delay time. In the writing process, the laser pulses scatter inelastically from the H2, leaving the molecules in a vibrationally excited state. Reading is achieved by using the pulses to kick the molecules back to the ground state, with the re-emission of the stored photons.

The NRC researchers measured write efficiencies of nearly 30% and readout efficiencies of more than 60%, depending on gas pressure, and they were able to store the photons for as long as a nanosecond. The authors also demonstrated that the memory was coherent and linear, which are essential for a quantum memory. And because the bandwidth of the memory is well matched to existing femtosecond photon sources, the authors hope this proof-of-principle result may lead to fast photon memories capable of fitting on a microchip. The scheme offers a number of advantages over other methods, principally that such photon memories could work at terahertz speed, while alternative schemes are so far mostly limited to the gigahertz regime. – David Voss


Announcements

More Announcements »

Subject Areas

Atomic and Molecular PhysicsQuantum Information

Previous Synopsis

Next Synopsis

Related Articles

Synopsis: Losing Light in a BEC
Atomic and Molecular Physics

Synopsis: Losing Light in a BEC

The index of refraction in a gas of bosons is enhanced relative to its value in a classical gas, a predicted quantum effect that has now been observed in ultracold sodium atoms. Read More »

Synopsis: One-Way Quantumness
Quantum Physics

Synopsis: One-Way Quantumness

Experiments provide evidence for one-way quantum steering—an effect by which distant entangled systems can influence one another in a directional way. Read More »

Focus: Atoms As Thermometers
Atomic and Molecular Physics

Focus: Atoms As Thermometers

A small number of atoms in repeated trials can accurately measure the temperature of an ultracold gas cloud—a step toward measuring temperature on the micrometer scale. Read More »

More Articles