Focus: Video—Fluid Video Contest Winners

Physics 10, 108
Swimming starfish larvae, dripping paint, and swirling gas jets are featured in the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics’ winning videos.
R. C. Hurd et al./Utah State Univ./Vandelay Industries/Brigham Young Univ.
Watching paint dry. In one of the winning videos, physicists become artists and explore the paint flowing processes used by artist Holton Rower.
F. Ostermann et al./Technische Universität Berlin
W. Gilpin et al./Stanford Univ.
R. C. Hurd et al./Utah State Univ./Vandelay Industries/Brigham Young Univ.

Above are the three winners in the video category of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics’ Milton van Dyke Award, given each year to videos based on artistic value, scientific content, and originality. Accompanying papers are being published today in Physical Review Fluids. See these videos with author-written captions, along with other entries, at the Gallery of Fluid Motion.

The first video shows what happens when an upward-flowing jet of gas that oscillates left and right is blown sideways by a “crossflow”—here, the dominant airflow in a wind tunnel. The data, based on imaging tiny particles in the flow, reveal a pair of vortices that form downstream whose rotation direction is opposite to those that would form if there were no oscillation in the original jet.

In the second video, particles in water reveal the vortices generated by an immobilized starfish larva trying to swim. Experiments with algae in the water, along with separate simulations, show that the more vortices, the more efficiently the larva eats the microbes. However, additional vortices slow its swimming speed, so the larva must constantly adjust the number of vortices it creates.

In the third video, physicists create “pour paintings” following the techniques of painter Holton Rower and explain the colorful patterns that appear in his work.

This research is published in Physical Review Fluids.

–David Ehrenstein

David Ehrenstein is the Focus Editor for Physics.

More Information


Subject Areas

Fluid Dynamics

Related Articles

Synopsis: Beat Strong, My Liquid Gallium Heart
Fluid Dynamics

Synopsis: Beat Strong, My Liquid Gallium Heart

Applying a current across a drop of liquid gallium induces an oscillatory motion reminiscent of that of a beating heart. Read More »

Focus: Puzzling Tropical Wind Pattern Generated with Simple Model
Geophysics

Focus: Puzzling Tropical Wind Pattern Generated with Simple Model

2D simulations of the atmosphere, with few assumptions, can generate a slowly oscillating, tropical wind pattern that has puzzled atmospheric scientists. Read More »

Focus: Fluid Interactions Help Fish in a School Swim Faster
Fluid Dynamics

Focus: Fluid Interactions Help Fish in a School Swim Faster

Simulations of fish schools that include fluid dynamics in addition to the usual coordination of individuals lead to faster swimmers and reveal a new collective swimming mode. Read More »

More Articles