Synopsis: Light Tuner Slows Down to Shift

A new design for an optical frequency shifter combines a tunable filter and slow-light techniques.
Synopsis figure
Q. Li et al., Phys. Rev. A (2016)

Researchers have developed a new optical frequency shifter that is essentially a tunable filter: it changes its frequency window while light passes through it. Because the filter also slows the light to a small fraction of its normal speed, the light follows this change and shifts its frequency. Various frequency-shifting methods already exist using, for example, acousto-optic modulators and photonic crystal cavities. However, these devices typically don’t work unless the light comes in at a specific angle. By contrast, the new frequency shifter, from Stefan Kröll and colleagues at Lund University, Sweden, is insensitive to the incoming light’s direction.

Their device is based on an yttrium silicate crystal doped with rare-earth ions of praseodymium (Pr). The Pr ions normally absorb light in a broad frequency range, but the team burned a “spectral hole,” or transmission window, with a laser that essentially deactivated this absorption in a narrow frequency band. This filtering is accompanied by strong dispersion effects that slow down the transmitted light, causing it to spend roughly 4 𝜇s in the 10-mm-long crystal. During this time, the researchers manipulated the Pr absorption using electric fields, so that the passband moved to higher or lower frequency. The light emerged shifted by ±4 MHz, but the team envisions ways to increase this to ±100 GHz. The crystal accepts light from almost any direction, so the device could conceivably shift the frequency of randomly scattered light. This feature could be useful in ultrasound optical tomography, in which a shifter could help reset a probe beam to its original frequency after it has scattered from an ultrasound-stimulated focus.

This research is published in Physical Review A.

–Michael Schirber


Features

More Features »

Announcements

More Announcements »

Subject Areas

OpticsPhotonics

Previous Synopsis

Astrophysics

Blazar Tally

Read More »

Next Synopsis

Related Articles

Synopsis: Reflectivity of Ultrathin Mirror Switches with Voltage
Semiconductor Physics

Synopsis: Reflectivity of Ultrathin Mirror Switches with Voltage

Researchers designed an atomically thin mirror with electronically switchable reflectivity that could be useful in optoelectronic circuits.   Read More »

Viewpoint: Spin Gyroscope is Ready to Look for New Physics
Optics

Viewpoint: Spin Gyroscope is Ready to Look for New Physics

An enhanced version of a magnetometer based on atomic spins could be used to search for theoretically predicted exotic fields with ultrahigh sensitivity. Read More »

Viewpoint: X-Ray Probe Targets Interfaces
Optics

Viewpoint: X-Ray Probe Targets Interfaces

A new spectroscopy technique employs x rays from a free electron laser to measure the properties of interfaces that may be hidden within a material. Read More »

More Articles