Synopsis: Universality of the glass transition

Temperature and pressure appear to play a more dovetailed role in the glass transition than previously recognized.
Synopsis figure
Illustration: Kawasaki et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 215701 (2007)

A molecular liquid cooled to below its freezing point (i.e., supercooled) can become a glass. A colloidal fluid, a collection of suspended particles undergoing Brownian motion, can form a colloidal glass under increasing pressure.

Though both scenarios are examples of the so-called glass transition, researchers have disagreed on whether the two phenomena are related, that is, on whether temperature or pressure plays a more important role in the formation of a glass. Ning Xu at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Thomas Haxton and Andrea Liu at the University of Pennsylvania, and Sidney Nagel at the University of Chicago, both in the US, explain in a paper published in Physical Review Letters that there is a limit in which the relaxation behavior near the glass transition can be understood without separately invoking temperature T and pressure p; the data collapses on a curve determined by their ratio T/p. This equivalence indicates that there is indeed a hitherto overlooked universal aspect to glass transition. – Sami Mitra


Features

More Features »

Announcements

More Announcements »

Subject Areas

Fluid Dynamics

Previous Synopsis

Statistical Physics

Gravity organizes sediment

Read More »

Next Synopsis

Quantum Information

When the quantum dog doesn’t bark

Read More »

Related Articles

Synopsis: Acoustic Waves Direct Particles in Microchannels
Fluid Dynamics

Synopsis: Acoustic Waves Direct Particles in Microchannels

Acoustic waves guided by the channels of a microfluidic device can precisely manipulate microscopic particles suspended in the liquid flowing through the device. Read More »

Synopsis: How Hairy Tongues Help Bats Drink Nectar
Fluid Dynamics

Synopsis: How Hairy Tongues Help Bats Drink Nectar

Experiments and theory show that hairs on a bat’s tongue allow the animal to drink 10 times more nectar than it could if its tongue were smooth. Read More »

Synopsis: Eyeing the Storm
Fluid Dynamics

Synopsis: Eyeing the Storm

Numerical simulations of a hurricane-like system have determined the conditions necessary for the formation of a calm “eye” in the center of the storm. Read More »

More Articles