Synopsis: The Dichalcogenide Gets Two Faces

Electric fields applied on either side of a thin, semiconducting transition-metal dichalcogenide create a superconducting layer atop a metallic layer within the material.
Synopsis figure
L. Liang and Q. Chen/University of Groningen

Like graphene, transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) are materials that can, with sticky tape and patience, be thinned down to a few atomic layers. This feature, together with their superior electronic and optical properties, makes TMDCs promising components for ultracompact devices. Jianting Ye of the University of Groningen, Netherlands, and his colleagues have now shown that they can induce two distinct behaviors—superconductivity and metallic conduction—in adjacent atomic layers of an initially semiconducting TMDC flake.

To obtain this composite behavior, the researchers used strong electrostatic fields, which they applied at the surface of the material through a dielectric film, or “gate.” Depending on its polarity, the gate field will draw in or push away conducting charge carriers within a few atomic layers of the surface. In 2012, Ye and his colleagues used this approach to induce superconductivity in a thin flake of the semiconductor MoS2, the most studied TMDC. The key was to use an ionic-liquid dielectric, which produces sufficiently strong fields to achieve the charge density needed for superconductivity to occur.

In their new work, Ye and his team sandwiched a five-layer flake of MoS2 between an ionic-liquid gate (on top) and a conventional solid-state gate (below). They used charge-transport measurements to confirm that the topmost layer of the MoS2 flake became a superconductor and coexisted with a high-mobility metallic state in the remaining bottom layers. They also showed that they could use the bottom gate to control the electronic interaction between the superconducting and metallic layers and even to suppress the superconductivity. This latter effect could be the basis for a new type of superconducting transistor.

This research is published in Physical Review Letters.

–Jessica Thomas

Jessica Thomas is the Editor of Physics.


More Features »


More Announcements »

Subject Areas

Semiconductor PhysicsElectronics

Previous Synopsis

Biological Physics

Twisting DNA Locates its Defects

Read More »

Next Synopsis

Related Articles

Viewpoint: Making Diamond Qubits Talk to Light
Semiconductor Physics

Viewpoint: Making Diamond Qubits Talk to Light

A solid-state qubit satisfies three key requirements of a building block for a quantum network. Read More »

Synopsis: Correcting Hardware Bias in Molecular Spectrometers
Atomic and Molecular Physics

Synopsis: Correcting Hardware Bias in Molecular Spectrometers

More accurate measurements of CO2 in the atmosphere can be obtained by accounting for discrepancies in spectroscopy hardware. Read More »

Synopsis: Flexible Electronics, Heal Thyself

Synopsis: Flexible Electronics, Heal Thyself

A suspension of copper particles fixes breaks in electronic connections, providing a possible way to heal damaged circuits. Read More »

More Articles