Synopsis: Strongly broken symmetry

New particles decaying to the heaviest elementary particles might reveal the nature of electroweak symmetry breaking.
Synopsis figure
Illustration: Courtesy of CERN

When the Large Hadron Collider turns on, physicists will use the gathered accelerator data to answer detailed questions about the nature of fundamental particles and the forces between them. Topping the list is the nature of the dynamics responsible for the Higgs mechanism that gives the elementary particles their mass. In a paper in Physical Review Letters, Jared Evans and Markus Luty of the University of California Davis, US, show that if the Higgs mechanism is strongly coupled, it might show up at the LHC in the form of new resonances in the production of the heaviest elementary particles.

At high energies, the standard model unifies electromagnetism and the weak nuclear interaction to yield four force‐carrying bosons: the photon, W+, W-, and the Z. This unification occurs because their interactions are invariant under electroweak symmetry. But a new interaction is needed to explain why this symmetry is broken—that is, why the W and Z have mass, while the photon is massless. If the interaction responsible is weakly coupled, it will show up in the form of a Higgs boson. If it is strongly coupled, the new particles will be heavier and finding signals at LHC will be more challenging.

Evans and Luty propose that resonances in final states involving the heaviest elementary particles, such as t¯t and W+W-Z, are a promising signal for strong dynamics in the Higgs sector. These new resonances are predicted to be narrow with masses around 1TeV, and should be produced in reasonable quantities at LHC. This makes them a potentially valuable way to pin down the dynamics underlying the Higgs mechanism. – David Voss


Announcements

More Announcements »

Subject Areas

Particles and Fields

Previous Synopsis

Atomic and Molecular Physics

Addressing the crowd

Read More »

Next Synopsis

Particles and Fields

Strangelets in the night

Read More »

Related Articles

Focus: Low Cost Polarized Positrons
Particles and Fields

Focus: Low Cost Polarized Positrons

A new technique requires much less energy to produce a beam of polarized positrons than previous techniques, making such beams potentially more widely available. Read More »

Synopsis: Lightweight Particles Might Explain Missing Lithium
Cosmology

Synopsis: Lightweight Particles Might Explain Missing Lithium

The apparent lack of lithium in the Universe, relative to theoretical expectations, could be explained by hypothetical lightweight and electrically neutral particles. Read More »

Viewpoint: Ghostly Neutrino Comes into Sharper Focus
Particles and Fields

Viewpoint: Ghostly Neutrino Comes into Sharper Focus

The first results from the NOvA experiment set new constraints on charge-parity violation in neutrinos and on the ordering of neutrino masses. Read More »

More Articles