Synopsis: Rapid Alignment

A frequency comb can align an ensemble of molecules 150 million times per second.
Synopsis figure
The Ye group and Steve Burrows/JILA

Molecules in a gas are aligned in random directions, but intense lasers can be used to deliver a torque to the molecules and align them towards the laser polarization. Preparing an aligned ensemble is important for studying chemical reactivity, imaging the molecule’s structure, or using the molecules to efficiently convert the laser frequency to short UV wavelengths. Now Craig Benko from the University of Colorado, Boulder, and colleagues have developed a technique that can align molecules at a rate one hundred thousand times larger than previously possible.

In the authors’ scheme, a pulse of light aligns a molecule by giving it a “kick” in a certain direction. This occurs through a Raman process, in which light scatters off a molecule leaving it in a rotationally excited state. The molecule then rotates in the direction it was kicked. After a certain delay, all the molecules will point in the same direction.

The authors injected a near-infrared frequency comb that pulsed 154 million times a second into an optical cavity. They used a fraction of the beam to align the molecules and the rest to measure the alignment and generate high-order extreme ultraviolet (XUV) harmonics through extreme nonlinear effects in the molecules. The multipass cavity scheme enhanced the light-molecule interaction, increasing the sensitivity of the system. The synchronization of alignment with the laser, and the high-repetition rates achievable with this technique should allow for high-repetition-rate measurements to be performed, improving the experimental precision and statistics. The authors plan to use this technique to probe how alignment influences the generation of the XUV harmonics.

This research is published in Physical Review Letters.

–Katherine Wright


Features

More Features »

Announcements

More Announcements »

Subject Areas

Atomic and Molecular PhysicsOptics

Previous Synopsis

Next Synopsis

Particles and Fields

No Hint of Exotic Higgs Particles

Read More »

Related Articles

Focus: Light Pushes and Pulls
Mechanics

Focus: Light Pushes and Pulls

Two forces coming from a light beam—one based on momentum transfer, the other on thermal effects—drive a tiny gold plate to move in opposite directions. Read More »

Synopsis: Plasma Mirror Mimics Evaporating Black Hole
Gravitation

Synopsis: Plasma Mirror Mimics Evaporating Black Hole

A proposal for using an accelerated plasma mirror to study the black hole information paradox elevates a thought experiment into a potential reality.   Read More »

Synopsis: Detecting a Molecular Duet
Atomic and Molecular Physics

Synopsis: Detecting a Molecular Duet

Using a scanning tunneling microscope, researchers detect coupled vibrations between two molecules. Read More »

More Articles