Synopsis

Neutral-Atom Quantum Computers Are Back in the Race

Physics 12, s120
Fidelity in multiqubit gates made from trapped rubidium atoms is now competitive with other approaches and can be maintained as the device is scaled up.
H. Levine/Harvard University

In the race to build the first, useful, large-scale quantum computer, researchers are exploring many different routes, each with their own strengths and limitations. Approaches that use neutral atoms offer a scalable system, but the consistency of atom interactions—their quantum fidelity—lags behind that of other architectures. Now, building on recent improvements in controlling atoms in highly excited “Rydberg” states, Harry Levine at Harvard University and colleagues have demonstrated a neutral-atom quantum computer that achieves fidelities rivaling its highest-performing competitors.

The team performed quantum logic operations on clusters of two or three closely spaced rubidium atoms held individually in optical tweezers. The atoms became entangled when one of them was excited by a laser into a Rydberg state—a state where the outermost electron is highly energized. This transition also prevented the atom’s neighbors from being excited at the same time, a situation that is essential for creating logic gates comprising two and even three quantum bits (qubits). The ability to host multiqubit gates indicates that this platform may be especially efficient at implementing certain quantum algorithms.

So far, Levine and colleagues have manipulated a row of five two-atom clusters simultaneously, but they see no barriers to expanding the setup to create 2D lattices of dozens or even hundreds of qubits. (Another group, for example, has experimented with a square array of neutral-atom qubits.) In this configuration, lasers would pick out two or three adjacent atoms to implement high-fidelity, two- or three-qubit gates as required.

This research is published in Physical Review Letters.

–Marric Stephens

Marric Stephens is a freelance science writer based in Bristol, UK.


Subject Areas

Quantum InformationAtomic and Molecular PhysicsOptics

Related Articles

Applying a Twist to Light
Optics

Applying a Twist to Light

Researchers have determined the amount of transverse orbital angular momentum that a type of optical vortex carries per photon, an important step for future applications. Read More »

Fault-Tolerant Quantum Error Correction without Measurements
Quantum Physics

Fault-Tolerant Quantum Error Correction without Measurements

A proposed recipe for quantum error correction removes the need for time-consuming measurements of qubits, replacing them with copying and feedback steps instead. Read More »

Laser-Cooling Positronium
Atomic and Molecular Physics

Laser-Cooling Positronium

Researchers have managed to cool an atom-like system made of an electron and a positron using a technique commonly used in cold-atom experiments. Read More »

More Articles