Synopsis: Sorting by Sound

An acoustic sieve grabs up particles based on their size or their density, as demonstrated in experiments with glass beads.
Synopsis figure
F. Li et al., Phys. Rev. Applied (2014)

A mechanical sieve uses meshes to restrain particles above a certain size. An alternative sieving method is presented in Physical Review Applied, in which sound waves selectively trap particles based on size or density. The advantage of this so-called acoustic sieve is that the sorting can be controlled with the amplitude of the sound signal. Such a tunable sieve could help in manipulating small beads used to build up objects layer-by-layer in 3D printing.

If you place sand on top of a plate excited by sound waves, gradients in the sound-induced vibrations cause the grains to migrate to the nodes of the standing-wave pattern. Based on this idea, researchers have developed acoustic traps and tweezers that can isolate and manipulate particles. However, these systems can only handle a few particles at a time.

Hairong Zheng of the SIAT Chinese Academy of Sciences in Shenzhen, China, and his colleagues have developed an acoustic device that simultaneously traps many particles. The device, which works underwater, consists of a flat brass plate (180 microns thick) with an array of etched-out rectangular strips on its top surface. An ultrasonic transducer emits sound waves that travel through the water and strike the plate from above. In previous work, the team showed that—for certain frequencies—the acoustic radiation transmits through the plate to produce rows of linear particle traps just beneath the plate. The trapping depends on the particle size and density, as well as on the strength of the ultrasonic emission. In experiments, the team lowered their sieve over a collection of different-sized glass beads. By tuning the transducer strength, they could grab up all the beads of a particular size or smaller. – Michael Schirber


More Features »


More Announcements »

Subject Areas


Previous Synopsis

Semiconductor Physics

A More Practical Polariton Laser

Read More »

Next Synopsis

Quantum Information

Spooky Bidding

Read More »

Related Articles

Synopsis: Creating Electron Lattices with Sound Waves
Condensed Matter Physics

Synopsis: Creating Electron Lattices with Sound Waves

Electrons and quasiparticles in solids could be trapped and moved using surface acoustic waves. Read More »

Focus: Making Shear Waves for Ultrasonic Imaging

Focus: Making Shear Waves for Ultrasonic Imaging

New filter allows shear waves to be produced efficiently, which could lead to higher resolution ultrasound images. Read More »

Synopsis: Jiggles that Help Bat Biosonar
Biological Physics

Synopsis: Jiggles that Help Bat Biosonar

The directional sensitivity of bat biosonar is improved by the wiggling of structures on the bat’s nose and ears. Read More »

More Articles